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Family, Nutrition & Exercise Sciences (FNES) Guide

This guide introduces students to Family, Nutrition & Exercise Sciences resources in order to help them complete their research projects.

Users may access OneSearch via our main QC Libraries webpage -- Quick Links -- OneSearch. Once on OneSearch, you may search for articles by title or keyword. For example: How Important is Parental Education for Child Nutrition?


Note: Searching by exact title should place your article in the first or first few items. You may filter to peer-reviewed articles, Resources Type, publication date, etc. Then select the Available Online option to be taken to the record.

If off-campus, you will need to sign into proxy using your CUNY Credentials For more information, please review the Remote Access FAQ. Once you do so, you should be taken to the article.


If you do not know the title of an article, search by search terms by utilizing the  Advanced Search Feature of OneSearch. Example: Parental Education AND Child Nutrition. Type the terms into the Advanced Search box and filter to Articles or date.


Your search will retrieve results as shown below and you can select the Available Online link to be taken to  the article. The filter on the left can also be used to narrow your searches.

If you are accustomed to using Google Scholar to search for articles, then we recommend that you use the Queens College Libraries' proxied Google Scholar. This will expand the results you retrieve. You will have access to freely available articles online and articles that the library owns and/or subscribes to.

Getting started with Google Scholar

  • Select the link provided on our A-Z Database List
  • You will be prompted to log into the library's proxy using your CUNYCredentials - For more information, please review the Remote Access FAQ. For this particular article, the option to download as a PDF is on the top right.

Once on Google Scholar, you may begin searching for articles by title or keyword. For example: Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost?



  1. Select the Full Text at QC Link on the right
  2. This will bring you to our catalogue, OneSearch

  1. There you may select from one of the listed options.You may need to sign-into our proxy once again if you are timed out.
  2. Once you sign-in, you will be able to access the article.
  3. In some instances, you may be taken directly to the article. This varies by collection and vendor.

Known Issues with Google Scholar

If you see the following error message when you try to access Google Scholar via the A-Z Database List, it is because Google sometimes blocks access via libraries' proxy server. Google does not provide information when this happens and often times the situation resolves itself. Access on campus should not be affected.

We recommend taking the following steps should you encounter this issue:

  • Access Google Scholar via the un-proxied version:
  • From the Menu Icon on the Top Left select Settings then Library Links
  • In Library Links, search for Queens College. Select "Queens College --> Fulltext at QC"
  • SAVE and return to the Google Scholar Homepage.
  • You should then be able to search for articles.
  • Please review the FAQ on logging into the library proxy.


What OneSearch Searches?

OneSearch will try to find that term in the records by searching for

  1. items that contain those term.
  2. items with those exact phrases
  3.  items that begin with those phrase

OneSearch searches entire records

  • Anywhere in the record
  • In the title
  • Author/Creator
  • Title
  • Table of Contents

What affects the ranking of the results retrieved from a OneSearch?


  1. Keywords found in title, author or subject field
  2. An Exact match with the keyword will yield the highest relevance
  3. If the term or phrase searched is the same order in a record/records, those will rank higher
  4. How frequent the search term occurs in a record also affects its rank
  5. How frequently the search term is used plays a part as well

Academic Relevance

  • Published in a Peer-Reviewed Journal
  • Number of times cited
  • Material Type (Journals Articles, Newspapers Article)

If the search parameters are broad then OneSearch will place overview/reviews higher than actual materials. If you filter the publication date or if we recently added something to the catalog, those show up first.

Improving your Searches:

Boolean Operators

  1. AND (retrieves both terms) forest AND fires
  2. OR (retrieves either or all terms)
  3. NOT (retrieves only relevant term) climate NOT weather


  • “Extinction rebellion” - searches a phrase
  • “Colour” - searches for a specific spelling

Parentheses: can search more complex queries

  • (Public NOT Private) AND education

Truncation: *

  • librar* → library, libraries, librarian

Wildcard: ?

  • M?n → man, men

Filters on the left hand side of the page. Use synonyms if your results are not what you want.

How to Retrieve Full-Text Articles from PubMed that are not freely available?

  • PubMed is a free site. However, not all articles are available freely on PubMed.
  • You may login to PubMed through the QC Libraries A-Z Database List portal - PubMed
  • This will prompt you to enter your barcode or your CUNY Login Credentials - where nn is the last 2+ digits of your EMPL ID. For more information, view our FAQ on library access.
  • By doing this you will expand the content available to you on PubMed. You will be able to view full-text articles that are freely available and those that the QC Libraries have within their collection.

Let's try to search for Nutrition Protein by logging into PubMed through QC Libraries' A-Z Database List.



  1. Once on PubMed, type in the search box your desired search term and select SEARCH

  • This will take you to the results page where you will find abstracts, free full-text and full-text (some titles are available via QC Libraries)
  • If you use the filter on the left and select Full-Text, the following list will populate.



If you were to select the first option, you will then be taken to the following:



If you select the Elsevier tab on the top right, you will be taken to Elsevier-Science Direct.

Because you logged in through the QC Libraries A-Z Database page and the library has access to this title, you are able to see the download PDF button on the top left.

If you use PubMed often, you may do the following the following to ensure you see the Find It @ CUNY button:
•    Sign up for an NCBI account and select Queens College, CUNY as one of your schools
•    Bookmark the following:
o    Once you access PubMed via the following link you will automatically view the FIND IT @ CUNY button.

To Search PubMed:

  • Enter Search Terms in the Search box
  • Be specific (use as few terms as possible)
  • Avoid punctuations and operators
  • No search tags or AND needed
  • Avoid Quotation marks and truncation (*)

Just browsing?: consider using the Best Match filter

PubMed Features:


  • Abstract Snippets on Result Page
  • Full-Text Links, Cite: AMA, MLA, APA, NLM formats and Share options on the Side Bar Menu
  • Same features on the mobile site


                                                                     Tips for Using PubMed: a PDF guide prepared by the National Library of Medicine.

How do I search PubMed?

  • Identify the key concepts for your search. 
  • Enter the terms (or key concepts) in the search box.
  • Press the Enter key or click Search.

For many searches, it is not necessary to use special tags or syntax. PubMed uses multiple tools to help you find relevant results:

  • Best Match sort order uses a state-of-the-art machine learning algorithm to place the most relevant citations at the top of your results.
  • An autocomplete feature displays suggestions as you type your search terms. This feature is based on PubMed query log analysis described in " Finding Query Suggestions for PubMed ."
  • A spell checking feature suggests alternative spellings for search terms that may include misspellings.
  • A citation sensor displays suggested results for searches that include terms characteristic of citation searching, e.g., author names, journal titles, publication dates, and article titles.

To limit the number of search results: 

  • Replace general search terms with more specific ones (e.g., low back pain instead of back pain).
  • Include additional terms in your query.
  • Use the sidebar filters to restrict results by publication date, full text availability, article type, and more.
  • On the abstract page for a citation, see the Similar Articles section for a pre-calculated set of additional PubMed citations closely related to that article.
  • Remove extraneous or specific terms from the search box.
  • Try using alternative terms to describe the concepts you are searching for.

***Information provided by the NLM

How can I narrow my search on PubMed to limit to original research articles?

  • On the Filter pane, you may limit it by article type. You may choose randomized controlled trial, clinical trial, or meta-analysis
  • Use the PubMed Clinical Queries Search

PICO Search: An Overview

PICO: Problem, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome.

The PICO process is used to develop a good clinical research question. The following 7 steps can help you develop a sound research question:

  • Formulate the PICO Question
  • Identify key words for each PICO element
  • Plan the search strategy
  • Execute the search strategy
  • Refine the results
  • Review the Literature
  • Assess the Evidence

Utilize CINHAL Complete via the QC A-Z Database List to conduct your search. For more example on PICO strategy, please review: PICO Tables.

You may also use the PICO Builder

An 11-minute video by the NLM on the use of the MeSH vocabulary. The video may be helpful to those with interest in MEDLINE.

A short video by the NLM

The video details the various ways to search by Author

E.g. By Author's Last name and initials (Do not use punctuation) Abigail Mary Williams ----> williams am

The video details the various ways to search by journal

  1. Complete Journal Titles - E.g. Journal of Pediatric Surgery

  2. ISSN: E.g. 1531-5037

  3. Medline Journal Title Abbreviation

The video details searching by citation. In Basic Search, type a. Author b. Article title c. Journal Name

What is Sport Discus?

Sport Discus with full text has coverage of articles dating back to the 1930s. Areas of coverage include sports studies in the areas of fitness, health, medicine, education, law, and business.

  • Subjects include:
    • Consumer health
    • Exercise psychology
    • Exercise science and fitness
    • Health education
    • Kinesiology
    • Nutrition
    • Physical Education and therapy
    • Sports medicine
  • Contains:
    • 660 full-text journals
    • 180,000+ articles
    • 3, 800 records of sports videos

How do I access Sport Discus?

The QC Library provides access to Sport Discus. Access is available via the following portals:

Note: Users will be prompted to sign into the library’s proxy using your CUNYCredentialsthe same that you use for Blackboard and CUNYFirst. For more information, please review our remote access FAQ.

Should you encounter any technical or access issues, then please Report It by completing the Electronic Resources Access Form.

To begin searching, enter a keyword relating to your topic in the basic search box. E.g.Nutrition will provide you with the results below.

You may also refine your search to peer-reviewed titles, a particular date range, subject, publication (a specific journal), language or geography.

How do I download or read an article in Sport Discus?

Once you selected your article(s), you may choose HTML Full Text or PDF Full Text. In some cases, both will be available. However sometimes, there is only one of these options available.

  • If you select HTML Full-Text, you will be able to read or listen online. If no PDF option is available, save as a PDF.
  • Select PRINT. Even if you don’t want to print. Once you choose PRINT, you will have the option to select to SAVE AS A PDF.
  • If you select PDF Full-Text, you may read online or download the PDF.


If you are not satisfied with your results from your BASIC SEARCH and by applying filters, then you may want to conduct an ADVANCED SEARCH. You may add multiple keywords/subjects and utilize the Boolean operators AND, OR,NOT. E.g.Nutrition AND Metabolism.

Note: Not all items within the database will be full-text. Some will be bibliographic records which contain information about the author, title, publication, etc. If you need an article where full-text is not available, we recommend the following:

  • Select the Find It @ CUNY button where available. This will bring you back to the catalogue, OneSearch and search the entire library’s collection.
  • If you are still unable to locate the article, complete an Inter-Library Loan (ILL) request. Articles will be sent to your inbox as PDFs within 24-72 hours.
  • If you have never done this before, please register first. You may browse our ILL FAQ for more information.
  • You may also contact a librarian for further assistance.

The QC Library provides access to APA PsycINFO. Access is available via the following portal:

Note: Users will be prompted to sign into the library’s proxy using your CUNYCredentialsthe same that you use for Blackboard and CUNYFirst. For more information, please review our remote access FAQ.

Should you encounter any technical or access issues, then please Report It by completing the Electronic Resources Access Form.


Tips for Searching:

1. Under Methodology: Select the Empirical Study Limiter

2. To view Test titles: Select Test and Measurements under Indexes

Useful Links on Browsing and Searching:




****Information provided by EBSCO



Search by:

  • Test Title
  • Test Keyword
  • Test Index
  • Test Category